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AMERICAN POLITICAL HERITAGE - INDIVIDU WEEK 3

diposting oleh pradipta-aditya-fisip12 pada 26 March 2014
di SISTEM POLITIK AMERIKA SERIKAT GENAP - 0 komentar

LESSON LEARNED: AMERICAN POLITICAL HERITAGE

PRADIPTA ADITYA SIAGIAN / 071211233021

 

            From the beginning, America was divided into three big territories, which divided into north, center and south. The north territory consists from Massachussets, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New Jersey and Connecticut. The center territory consists from Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland, and the Southern territory consists from Virginia, Georgia, South and North Carolina. These territories had their own form of government, which known as Royal Colonies, Proprietary Colonies and Charter Colonies. We can understand each type of government from three factors, how the governor appointed, and how both upper house and lower house being made of. The first one is how the governor appointed, in Royal Colonies the Governor is appointed by the Crown of British Government, meanwhile on the Proprietary Colonies is appointed by Proprietors and vetoed by the Crown, and on the Charter Colonies the Government is appointed by the American people. The second factor is how the upper house made; both Royal and Proprietary Colonies basically the Crown have power to elected upper house, meanwhile on the Charter Colonies it’s the Colonist right to choose the Upper House. The third factor is how the lower house made, and basically all of three Colonies had right to choose the lower house, but there is privilege to Royal Colonies because they were free from British Government intervention.

            At that time Great Britain is in danger for deep debt regarding their participation in numerous wars This condition led them to introduced Townshend Act, an act htat will transform the face of America. This act was introduced to the Parliament of Great Britain by Townshend, in order to raise £40.000 (The Townshend Revenue Act, www.ushistory.org, accessed on March 20th 2014). This act is basically a way for British Government for collecting duties from goods which imported from British to America, such as glass, lead, tea and so on. This act will actually lead the American to sparkle the American Revolution.

 

Reference :

The Townshend Revenue Act | http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/townshend.htm, accessed on March 10th 2014   

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